The paper seeks to answer questions such as:
What effect does working during adolescence have?
What is adolescent employment?
Benefits and Risks of Adolescent Employment?
Youth employment refers to young people aged fifteen to twenty-four who work part-time or full-time for a living outside of their families. Child laborers are children under the age of fifteen who work for money; this type of work is illegal in many areas.
Having a cash job while in high school became a near-universal experience for teenagers. Many young people begin working informally as young of twelve, most commonly shoveling snow, babysitting, cutting grass, or performing other odd jobs in their local areas. Paid job is typically episodic and limited at initially. Adolescent employees are much more likely to have formal occupations by the age of 16, especially in the retail and service segments of the country, such as fast food grocery stores, restaurants, and other retail outlets. During the latter years of high school, employment becomes more regular and time-consuming, with many teenagers working 20 or more hours each week.
By the age of 12, 50 percent of American adolescents have informal occupations, such as babysitter or yard labor, according to the US Department of Labor. Boys start working at an earlier age and work longer hours than girls. Approximately two of American teenagers had worked by the age of 15. Eighty percent of teenagers will have worked part-time during the school year by the time they graduate from high school. The typical high school student works 20 hours a week, with about 10% working full time (35 hours or more).
The popularity of teen employment has spurred heated disputes about whether teenagers should work, how many hours they should work, and what types of occupations they should do. Most parents prefer their children to work because they believe it instills a variety of excellent attributes in them, such as independence, interpersonal skills, responsibility, and a strong work ethic. Parents feel that the professions they performed during their adolescents helped them develop these characteristics. In fact, when questioned in broad terms whether their adolescent jobs had any negative consequences, only a small percentage had anything to say.
Their adolescent children likewise would like to work to earn their own money so that they can buy the accessories of adolescent life and participate in the frequently expensive leisure activities that their classmates enjoy. While only a small number of youth give their earnings to their parents, earnings from part-time occupations help many families financially since adolescent children can buy products that their mum and dad would otherwise provide. Teenagers spend money on clothes, food, petrol, and music, and others set aside a percentage of their earnings for larger expenditures or even education. Adolescents frequently express high levels of job satisfaction and share many of their parents’ views on the advantages of employment.
Benefits/Pros of Adolescent Employment
Job skills: A job can help your teen gain confidence and independence. It can educate students on how to manage challenging situations and enhance their communication skills if they work with clients.
One of the fundamental goals of parenting a child, according to most parents and primary caregivers, is to prepare him or her for life in the real world. Every family has its own set of ideals that it instills in its offspring. Some people regard empathy, others respect, and yet others value compassion. Some people place a high value on all of these things and more. After these essential components, practically all parents and primary caregivers seek to teach some type of work ethic in their children, regardless of the family’s moral and ethical code.
After all, almost everyone on the planet needs to work for a job, but nobody really wants their children to be surprised. When the young birds leave the nest, their parents want them to be prepared for whatever life has in store for them. So, how do you educate your kids about work while still instilling a strong work ethic in them? There are numerous solutions to this question, as well as numerous paths to personal accountability. When children are old enough, one method to educate them about working is to allow them to really do it: to allow them to go out and obtain a job. For many families, this is standard procedure.
A paycheck might be a chance for teens to learn how to efficiently manage funds with the help of his or her parents. Teach your adolescent to create a budget so that they can experience saving for large purchases.
A solid job can provide your child with vital insight into what they might want to pursue after high school. They may learn that they enjoy working with others or that they wish to start their own business. A part-time job, at the very least, provides your child with vital work experience that they can use on future job applications.
Less time to get into mischief: If your kid goes straight from school to work, they will have less free time to participate in risky behaviors. When they have work that keeps them active, they are less prone to become bored.
Work skills: An after-school job will assist your teenager to develop operating skills such as how to fill out a job application, conduct a successful interview, and work under supervision.
Disadvantages/Risks of Adolescent Employment
Some educators, on the other hand, argue that working teens work too many hours; they may arrive at school weary, have little time to see their educators after school for extra aid, and forgo extracurricular activities. Some developmental psychologists share similar concerns, warning that employment may shorten, if not completely eliminate, a crucial “adolescent hiatus,” a period of life devoid of adult-like hobbies, anxieties, and responsibilities. They believe that puberty should be a time of discovery, when people figure out who they are and what course they should take. Too much labor, according to this viewpoint, may come at a high cost in terms of healthy identity formation.
Teens who work long hours likely to have lower grades than teenagers who work less hours, according to critics of adolescent work. There are similar gradients in a variety of academically important indicators, such as absenteeism from school and dropping out. Adolescents smoke and drink more and participate in a wide range of harmful behaviors as their working hours increase, according to these critics.
Teens who approach puberty with strong academic interests and ambitions may work just part-time during high school, and when they do, they limit their hours to avoid jeopardizing their grades. Those who opt to work long hours, on the other hand, begin high school with greater problem behavior, are less interested in school, and receive lower marks. As a result, problem conduct among adolescent employees, according to this viewpoint, is more a product of pre-existing differences than a result of their employment.
Negative work impression: Working for an unorganized organization or an untrained boss may give your teen a negative opinion of work. Unfortunately, statistics suggest that when teenagers start working, they are more likely to be sexually harassed.
Opportunities squandered: Being forced to work a shift may detract from the high school experience. If your kid works part-time, it may be tough for them to join a sports team, drama production, or volunteer activity.
More anxiety: Your teen may grow agitated if he or she works too many hours. A job’s objective is to provide your child a little more independence by allowing them to earn their own money. What good is it if they hardly have time to spend that money having fun?
Elevated risk of substance abuse: Research shows that children who work are more likely to drink alcohol or use drugs. Some teens may make poor decisions as a result of the additional spending money and responsibilities.
How Can Parents Assist Working Teens?
Before your kid applies for a job, talk to him or her about the benefits and drawbacks, as well as the obligations that come with it. You might also wish to agree to a trial job, such as “you can work for some hours per week this grading period, and then we’ll decide if you can stay working depending on your grades.” There are various things you can do as a parent to assist your kid cope with the stress of balancing school, career, and family life. For instance:
• Come to an agreement on how your teen will spend his or her money. Will they assist with the family’s finances? Do you want them to start saving for college now? Reaching an agreement will help you avoid future financial conflicts. Make a budget with your child, establishing spending restrictions and enforcing a percentage-of-paycheck-into-savings policy that you both agree on.
• Make a daily or weekly timetable with your teen that distinguishes between time spent working and time spent on schoolwork and other school-related activities.
• Schedule family time on a regular basis. This may be once a week or once a month, and it’s a chance for you and your teen to bond with chats, games, or family outings.
• Teach your adolescent practical methods to deal with difficult situations at work and in school.
• Teach your teen how to effectively handle the many demands on their time. As kids get closer to adulthood, they’ll have to manage a variety of challenging duties as their responsibilities grow. This is an excellent moment to teach them how to effectively manage their time and resources.
• Most essential, show your support.
Adolescence is the challenging period in a child’s life when he or she transitions from a carefree youngster to a responsible adult. After all, the goal is for teenagers to mature into mature, productive, and responsible members of society. Obtaining part-time work is one way to help with this shift. A job can assist teenagers in better developing their identities, gaining additional autonomy, achieving new achievements, gaining work experience, and becoming more self-sufficient from their parents.