U.S. War with Mexico
The U.S. War with Mexico helped Americans expand their region all across the North American continent. The conflict set a new standard of using war to acquire foreign territory. Several factors led to the war, but the primary ones were the U.S. invasion of Texas and Americans’ desire for California and some Mexican regions. Texas was an unrecognized republic after Texans rebelled against the dictatorial government of President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna in 1836. The confined Texan government consented to an idea of addition by the U.S. Congress (Chavez 40). At first, Texas was to be admitted to the Union as the 28th state, but Mexico dissented. The U.S. government took offense and decided to invade Mexico on three fronts. That is from the east via the port of Veracruz, from the north through Texas and into present-day California.
Mexicans residing in the northern Rio Grande were defeated by Commodore Robert Stockton and Col. Stephen Kearny. A massive number of Americans had moved toward the west looking for land. They overlooked the way that the territories they were moving into had just been involved. The Americans had a frame of mind and accepted that they were in a superior situation to better in the land, contrasted with the Mexicans. Furthermore, U.S. troops drove by General Winfield Scott assumed control over the city of Veracruz. On September 14, 1847, he effectively attacked Mexico City’s Chapultepec Castle. It was accepted that during the attack, Mexican military cadets called niños saints ended it all rather than give up (Chavez 56). After the triumphs of General Scott, minor fights proceeded; however, the United States had won the war. Santa Clause Anna surrendered pursued by the casual Treaty of Cahuenga, which finished the war in Alta California on January 13, 1848.
Factors that led to the US-Mexico War
The U.S. president, James K. Polk, and other leaders believed that the acquisition of Texas, California, and other territories as part of America’s Manifest Destiny to spread democracy across the continent. Before the war had broken out, the U.S. had tried to buy Texas from the Mexicans, but the offer was declined.
The Mexicans took this to be an insult and an act of war. The Americans believed that they had the right to have the land from the west for their republic to grow. This brought about a misunderstanding since Mexico was holding the most significant part of the area. Hence there developed a disagreement between the two nations since America wanted to acquire that land. Mexico enabled Americans to move into their lesser populated regions. A great deal of the Americans acknowledged the welcome and moved to live in Texas (Chavez 82). Santa Anna gave up sought after by the easygoing Treaty, which completed the war in Alta California on January 13, 1848.
Notwithstanding disputes about whether the war was right, Americans had gigantic achievements in the battle zone. In any case, Texas was troubled and felt that the Mexicans were attempting to control the entire area. They preferred to be under the reign of the Americans.
After the attempt to buy Texas from Mexicans, Mexican forces attacked American troops that were patrolling Texas. Most of the American soldiers were killed, and hence the Congress initiated a war against Mexico. Americans became bitter due to the death of their troops and started fighting against the Mexicans aimed at fighting for the bloodshed by American soldiers. It is, therefore, correct to say that one cause of the war between the two nations was revenge. The American people would not have been at ease if its government had let the killing of their troops slide.
Mexico developed its northern border at the Nueces River. Despite Texas claiming its freedom from Mexico in 1836, Mexico did not agree with them. America had absorbed Texas and made it its territory, and therefore, there was a border argument between Texas and Mexico that became an issue in the American political state (Chavez 102). In spite of contentions about whether the war was correct, Americans had enormous accomplishments in the combat zone. Youthful officials like Grant and Robert E. Lee, who might later lead armed forces against each other in the Civil War, had their first battle encounters in Mexico. Commanders Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott won a progression of noteworthy triumphs against the Mexican armed forces. This achievement was regardless of the way that Mexican soldiers dwarfed the Americans by and large. In September of 1847, after an awesome overland battle, American soldiers under Scott caught Mexico’s capital, Mexico City, and the battle finished.
A large population of Americans had moved to the west in search of land (Chavez 128). They ignored the fact that the areas they were moving into had already been occupied. The Americans had an attitude and believed that they were in a better position to be better in the land compared to the Mexicans. The fact that the Mexican government refused to offer the land tension continued to rise in the southwestern territories. The war mainly originated from the rapid expansion of the Americans who moved to Texas.
Mexico allowed Americans to move into their lesser populated areas. A lot of the Americans accepted the invite and migrated to live in Texas. Santa Clause Anna surrendered pursued by the casual Treaty of Cahuenga, which finished the war in Alta California on January 13, 1848. Despite contentions about whether the war was correct, Americans had enormous accomplishments in the combat zone (Chavez 136). However, Texas was not happy and felt that the Mexicans were trying to control the whole province. The Americas and the Mexicans living in Texas began to fight for independence from the Mexican government. Houston led Texans to fight against the American president and his troops. Santa Anna, who was the Mexican president, signed a treaty that granted Texas its independence.
The United States war with Mexico was an event in American history that was recorded closer to the civil war. It brought about slavery, and hence, it divided the two nations. The division was evident in the debate that was introduced to discuss whether slavery was to come to an end (Chavez 118). Other than the two nations being separate, they had no unity at all. Nevertheless, there was a misunderstanding among them on the military training men who were to be the officers during the civil war. The superior artillery of Americans enabled them to win every major battle. They, therefore, emerged victorious in the US-Mexico war and acquired Texas and California, which was the main trigger for the conflict.
Chavez, E. (2007). The U.S. War with Mexico: A Brief History with Documents. London, England: Macmillan.