Watch the following PBS Frontline video on the financial industry and its involvement in the 401(k) retirement system and read the accompanying publication:
Write a minimum of at least three pages on the following questions (size 12 font and double spaced). Cite all of your sources. For each of your answers provide clear reasoning, detailing position, using concepts and economic logic.
1) Why is there a market failure in the 401(k) market?
2) Describe and detail all of the fees/costs associated with a 401(k).
3) Calculate two individuals’ total amount of retirement assets after 30 years of investing using the following two examples to display and articulate the effect of compounded fees on two different individuals’ retirement accounts with the exact same mutual funds. The two mutual funds have the same before expense rate of return, but one mutual fund charges a higher expense ratio than the other. Describe what effect fees have on the two different individuals’ retirement assets:
(a) Yearly Savings: $15,000, Inflation Rate: 2%, Rate of Return:(8.15%-.15%=8%), Expense Ratio of Mutual Fund: .15%, Periods: 30 years
(b) Yearly Savings: $15,000, Inflation Rate: 2%, Rate of Return:(8.15%-.65%=7.50%) (It is lower than example (a) due to the increased expense ratio), Expense Ratio of Mutual Fund: .65%, Periods: 30 years
Use this financial calculator website for the examples:
4) Describe and come up with your own solution, reform, or public policy to alleviate the inherent problems with 401(k)s. You can use ideas from other individuals and organizations, but make sure that you cite and credit those sources.