Role of Schools in Preventing Juvenile Delinquency

Abstract

Juvenile delinquents are minors between 10 and 18 years who did an act that is against set laws. Due to the widespread internet use and the constantly changing trends in lifestyle, juvenile delinquency has been on the rise. If preventive measures are not taken, the future generation is likely to be a total mess full of delinquents. In this paper, the role of schools is depicted as the most crucial and essential instrument that can help prevent juvenile delinquency. Most parents have entirely entrusted their child to schools, and it is upon these institutions to ensure that they produce great disciplined persons to the society. How effective do schools in preventing juvenile delinquency play the role? In what ways do schools increase juvenile delinquency? These are some of the questions that this research seeks to answer. The reasons for a kid to be a criminal vary depending on the social, economic, and cultural conditions of the place in which a child resides. Juvenile delinquency can be prevented and controlled if parents, schools, and the community come together and work towards ensuring the language and behavior children witness is ethical.

Keywords: Juvenile delinquency, delinquents

Role of Schools in Preventing Juvenile Delinquency

The rapid increase in incidents of juvenile delinquency is determined by the cultural, social, and economic conditions in society. Studies have revealed a rise in juvenile crime occurring at the moment with the economic decline, particularly in the poor counties of large cities. Mostly street children become young crooks as a result of having stumbling upon violence in their social surroundings, either as victims or witnesses. When a child receives adequate quality parenting, he or she is less likely to grow into being a criminal. On the other hand, domestic violence, little parental control, and lack of emotional support are closely associated with juvenile criminology. 

Kids that come from less fortunate households have fewer opportunities of securing legit employment and are prone to indulge in criminal activities. The early stages of a person’s life are essential in determining the path their future takes. Therefore the juvenile phase can be regarded as the root of delinquency. In as much as good parenting is at the core of preventing juvenile criminology, unfortunately, at times, it is not quite enough. The community, media, and schools also have a role to play. With the current rate of widespread use of the internet, the task of being a parent has exceedingly become difficult Eriksson, 2004). Schools have turned to be responsible for educating people on social values during their formative years. In the present generation, schools are like instruments of social value and change.

Schools play a crucial role in controlling, preventing, and treating juvenile felonies. To start with, research has shown that poor academic performance, low measured intelligence, and poor communication skills predict chronic criminal behavior. When a kid is slow in studies and is intimidated by fellow schoolmates, they may be violent to ease the emotional pressure. 

In the end, such a child starts bullying the other kids, and if wise measures are not taken to resolve this, juvenile delinquency is born (Dowd, 2013). Therefore to prevent dropouts, schools are supported to have teachers that can attend to the need of every student and give them the attention, care, and treatment they deserve. If a youngster is not performing well academically, they should not be intimidated for this cause perhaps they might be good in other curriculum activities such as athletics. Academic failure due to low cognitive ability and reduced bonding to schoolwork may cause a child to drop out of school, making them more vulnerable to felonious behavior. To avoid such a menace, schools should design interventions that will help enhance cognitive functioning.

There are also incidences whereby delinquency among children escalates because of the type of punishment these kids are given for their wrongdoings in school. For example, some schools opt to suspend indiscipline students for a week or so. During this suspension period, these kids are subject to other adverse influences back at home, such as lousy peer companies that may introduce drugs to them. Schools offer a secure place where kids can be safe when their parents are at work. Therefore by suspending a child from school while the rest of their age-mates are studying might be unwise. 

Educational facilities offer platforms for young individuals to learn how to interact with others, engage in healthy self-appraisal, and keep the level of aggression in check and deal with conflicts. Conflict is inevitable as people will not always agree with each other on everything. The important thing is how such a disagreement is dealt with. For illiterate or uncivilized persons, they will opt to resolve their differences through violence. Schools should teach kids at a tender age how to air their grievances in an orderly manner rather than jumping into throwing insults or fighting when disappointed. Though it might seem petty, teaching children how to be courteous goes a long way in avoiding cases that would have become criminal acts.

Schools are meant to produce boys and girls that will be great citizens in the future generation. All the activities demanded by a school from the least class significantly impact character and personality development. Different children will respond differently to an exact experience in class, and therefore the casual attributes for juvenile delinquency will never be similar to all kids (Lawrence, 2007). Having a clear understanding of the precise cause of minor misconduct may help out in preventing it. Teachers should make it their duty to know the welfare of their students and the conditions they undergo.

In conclusion, the predicament of preventing juvenile criminology is challenging and very intricate. Cooperation between staff members in school and parents is essential before any specific strategy is applied to fight the problem. Regardless of how important the education offered by a school might be to a toddler, it will all be in vain if the child witnesses domestic violence back home. Schools should call upon parents to lead by an excellent example for their young ones to be disciplined.

References

Dowd, N. E. (2013). Justice for Kids: Keeping kids out of the juvenile justice system.

Eriksson, A. M. (2004). Responding to Youth Crime: Towards Radical Criminal Justice Partnerships. By Paul Omojo Omaji (Hawkins Press, 2003, 227pp. 19.99 PB). British Journal of Criminology44(5), 803-805.

Lawrence, R. (2007). School crime and juvenile justice (2nd ed.).