Reading Research Literature (RRL) Worksheet

Purpose of the Study

The research emphasizes the importance of nurses in shaping a healthy society. Nurses play significant roles in ensuring patients receive quality healthcare and also reduce the death rates of patients. More death cases are reported in institutions with the low nursing staff than those with an adequate task force. Therefore, a balance between the patient and nurse ratios should exist for effective patient care delivery. Reducing the number of nurses in institutions makes health delivery costly and compromises the welfare of patients. Although cutting the nursing staff numbers may seem economical, retaining more nurses saves more than the latter achieves. Nurses reduce the organization’s costs by delivering quality services before conditions escalate and demand higher spending. The study also aims to prove that nurses become uncomfortable and reduce their outcomes when overburdened with duties. Consequently, nurses can withdraw from their responsibilities in case of staff reduction and put Americans’ lives at stake.

Research & Design

The study uses a quantitative research approach to create evidence of the relationship between nurse staffing, retention and job satisfaction. The study heavily employs numbers, percentages, figures and tables to enhance the credibility of the research. The application of numerical data to provoke insights and decisions further boosts the validity of the study. The study lays facts and only calls upon the reader’s logic to make deductions. The review also uses casual design to compare variables (dependent and independent) and analyzes both sides of data (USCLibraries, 2020). For instance, the research shows the relationship between job satisfaction and the number of staff and quantifies both sides’ data to draw a definite conclusion. The comparison design helps to magnify the negative effects of reducing the number of nurses on the patients’ health, health care costs and satisfaction in the workplace. The practical information stages an exact data that indicates adequate staffing save medical expenses makes nurses content in their work and improves patient care in health institutions.


The sample for the study comprised licensed registered nurses that serve in different health departments. The nurses’ representatives had over six months of patient care experience in workplaces, and they were subjected to questions that relate to nursing retention, job satisfaction and nurse staffing. The sample had different educational qualifications, involving those in the higher, middle and lower academic ranks to make the data collection bias-free. It considered nurses with a diploma, bachelor, associate and master certificates. The sample involved nurses in the range of 19 to 60 years, and also the years of nursing experience was considered. The selection specialized in different areas such as intensive care units, surgical services, mental services, emergency sector, outpatient services and maternal services. The sample was free of gender bias and included nurses working in Magnet hospitals. A random sampling technique was employed since the nurses were randomly accessed from My Space, Facebook and social media links. Anyone who availed himself/ herself was used in the research. The sample consisted of 70 registered nurses. 

Data Collection

The primary data collected in the research is the opinion of nurses on their work satisfaction concerning the nurse-patient ratio. The survey aimed to explore the connection between the number of patients a nurse serves and the level of happiness he/she receives. Further questions were incorporated to exhaust the research on the relationship between satisfaction and staff ratio. The surveys assessed whether the number of patients assigned to a nurse fueled feelings of resignation. It also aimed to investigate whether nurses remain in their job due to the love of duty or financial crisis forces them to report to duty. The data was collected electronically. The survey questions were posted on the media platforms, and the target audience was invited through links to address the survey questions. The survey questions expired after 30 days (Hairr et al., 2014).

Data Analysis

The data assembled was analyzed by finding the mode enabling the research to summarize the variables and deductions. The majorities of the nurses are female in the range of 36-45 years and hold an associate degree. The low numbers of nurses holding higher academic qualifications prove that their career drains them and limits further studies due to work schedule. Furthermore, the survey indicated zero doctoral nurses and two postgraduate degrees in non-nursing programs. The data suggests that nurses lack the motivation to press for higher studies due to job dissatisfaction or tight schedules with patients. When nurses are pushed away from their path, it limits creativity and innovation. In my perspective, the highly repeated data in a population reflects the culture of the majority. In many cases, the majority rules because they have a more significant say and are more influential than the minor. Therefore, the use of frequency is an effective way of drawing patterns from variables.


The facts generated from the research faces possible problems of prejudice and generalization. The seventy nurses’ comments do not necessarily represent or voice all nurses in the United States of America. The United States has over three million practicing nurses, and it is difficult to collect and analyze data from all of them. 


The research discovered that many nurses work in uncomfortable environments due to the pressure inflicted by a higher patient ratio. The issues that make nurses discontent in their work are directly linked to small numbers the government suggested to regain economic stability. Job satisfaction plays a fundamental role in determining whether nurses will remain in their job or seek other alternatives. It also possesses an intimidating future threat since children are less likely to pursue nursing if the displeasure continues. Happiness in health institutions determines the quality of services nurses provide to patients. If nurses are satisfied, they give more personal care and help the government save on medical costs. The research also reveals that nurses may be forced to remain in their jobs due to economic reasons, even though they may be dissatisfied. The idea of nurse dissatisfaction in their jobs captured my attention since nurses should be advisors of people in career depression. It is ironic for a depressed lawyer with his life to consult an unhappy nurse.

Reading Research Literature

Nursing is a field that continuously evolves and modifies in society. Today nurses work in various areas that require the application of updated services. Reading and understanding research literature will equip my skills, experience and knowledge to ensure I deliver optimum health services. Research content can also motivate and inspire positive attitudes while providing services (Tingen et al., 2010). I can even know my rights and privileges through reading research literature. After reading the literature worksheet, I have learned the importance of nurses in the health system. Nurses shape the health of the country and aid in reducing medical costs. I have also sharpened my reading, summarizing analyzing skills from reading the course worksheet.


Hairr, D. C., Salisbury, H., Johannsson, M., & Vance, N. R. (2014). Nurse Staffing and the Relationship to Job Satisfaction And Retention. NURSING ECONOMIC$/32(3), 142-147.

Tingen, M. S., Burnett, A. H., Murchison, R. B., & Zhu, H. (2010, June 10). The importance of nursing research. PubMed Central (PMC).

USCLibraries. (2020, September 29). Research guides: Organizing your social sciences research paper: Types of research designs. Research Guides at University of Southern California.

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