How do locus of control and anxiety influence procrastination?

Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is an evaluation and summary of the references you want to use for your research project.  It is a great way to organize your references so that they are quickly and easily usable when you are writing your literature review and method section as well as your conclusions.  An annotated bibliography should summarize, analyze, and reflect.  It will give you an idea of what is being said about your topic and help you develop a thesis that will be the beginning of your introduction.

What you need to do:

For this assignment, you will use your library research skills to find and read five (5) academic journal articles.  These articles should relate to our class research topic and will be used as references in your final paper. The class research topic is:

How do locus of control and anxiety influence procrastination?

The process should include library research tools, specifically multi-database searches, and Google scholar searches to identify credible, scholarly, and scientifically sound sources that serve as the evidentiary basis for their critical analysis.

The purpose of the annotated bibliography is to begin research on your project. The annotations will be primarily descriptive, summarizing the work or arguments conveyed by the authors. Make sure to include hypotheses or research questions, theoretical background, methodology, findings, and implications of the work. You might want to consider the logic of authors’ arguments and the quality of their evidence.  Your findings can be positive, negative, or mixed. You will also explain why the source may be relevant to your research paper. How might you use the article in your paper? Is there a particular point you would like to make that the article can support? Each annotation should be a minimum of 200 words but a maximum of 250 words.  


The following is a summary of things to know when creating an APA style annotated bibliography:

  • The annotated bibliography uses most current APA style format (7th edition). A typical journal article would follow this pattern:
    • Baggins, B., & Baggins, F. (1967). There and back again. Journal of Comparative Culture47, 166-184. doi:xx-xxxxxx.xxxx
  • The annotation will follow the citation on the next line. There is not an extra space—double spacing is used throughout.
  • An annotation is different from an abstract (and should not be a simple copy of the article abstract). It should have several sentences summarizing the main points or ideas found in the item. It should then include your own statement evaluating the quality of the item and/or relating the item to your own research topic.
  • Each annotation should be a minimum of 200 words but a maximum of 250 words (not including the citation).

Be sure to avoid plagiarizing your source; as you write your report, do not simply cut and paste direct quotes from the article, but rather summarize and describe in your own words. If you do include direct quotes, format them using APA style, and limit them to one per citation entry.


Here is an example of an entry in an annotated bibliography.  Note how it summarizes, analyzes, and reflects on the topic of the journal article.

Battle, K. (2007). Child poverty: The evolution and impact of child benefits. In Covell, K., & Howe, R. B. (Eds), A question of commitment: Children’s rights in Canada  (pp. 21-44). Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

            Ken Battle draws on his research as an extensively published policy analyst and a close study of some government documents to explain child benefits in Canada.  He outlines some fundamental assumptions supporting the belief that all society members should contribute to the upbringing of children.  His comparison of Canadian child poverty rates to those in other countries provides a useful wake-up to anyone assuming Canadian society is doing a good job of protecting children from want.  He pays particular attention to the National Child Benefit (NCB), arguing that it did not deserve the criticism it received from politicians and journalists.  He outlines the NCB’s development, costs, and benefits, including its dollar contribution to a typical recipient’s income.  He laments that the Conservative government scaled back the program in favor of the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB), and clearly explains why it is inferior.  However, Battle relies too heavily on his own work; he is the sole or primary author of almost half the sources in his bibliography.  He could make this work stronger by drawing from the perspectives of others’ analyses.  However, Battle does offer a valuable source for this essay, because the chapter provides a concise overview of government-funded assistance currently available to parents. This offers context for analyzing the scope and financial reality of child poverty in Canada.


Here are some resources that will help you with your annotated bibliography.  Remember that you must use peer-reviewed journal articles.  A tutorial on how to access this type of research article from the SJCC library databases is available in the Course Resource Module as well as in Module 2.

Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) is a useful resource when writing APA research papers.  This website helps with references, in-text citations, annotated bibliographies, and writing each section of the research paper.

Here is a great video that walks you through the steps of an annotated bibliography done in APA format.

Annotated Bibliography


This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Annotations and references15 pts Full Marks All 5 annotations completed. Each annotation has a proper APA style reference. 12.5 pts Close All 5 annotations completed. Some references have APA style errors 10 pts Needs a little work 4 annotations completed. Each annotation has a proper APA style reference. 7.5 pts Needs work 3 annotations completed. Each annotation has a proper APA style reference. 5 pts Needs significant work 2 annotations completed. Each annotation has a proper APA style reference. 2.5 pts Minimal effort 1 annotation completed. Each annotation has a proper APA style reference. 0 pts No Marks Assignment missing15 pts
Total Points: 15

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