Health promotion to patients after heart attack
Health promotion is a procedure conducted so as to help a patient improve and take control of his or her health. Having a heart attack implies that a blood vessel supplying to the heart has been blocked. After a heart attack incident, it is advisable to adhere to some measures, to prevent the possibility of heart failure in a near future. This topic is important because usually after a person is discharged from the hospital they immediately hop into living their lives as thou nothing had happened. It is, therefore, essential for patients to be taught on how to promote their health.
People vary in character and awareness; as a result, not everyone will be cautious as expected after recovering from a cardiac arrest. For instance, some individuals are addicted to smoking and quitting to them seems impossible. When such people become victims of heart illness, educating them on ways to stop smoking comes in handy in reducing the risk of having another heart attack in future. The best place to start teaching a patient about health promotion is in the hospital while they are still receiving treatment.
Health promotion should not be biased on age, gender or race, any patient that has recovered from a heart attack deserves to be enlightened on the same. To be able to assess the learning need of a patient one must understand their condition and show sympathy. This will create a good relationship making them devote themselves towards learning how to promote their health even after finishing their treatment. Although educating patients on how to live after a heart attack might be substantial it should be at the cost of denying them their free time or expecting them to implement what they are taught immediately. The audience will be ready to learn when in a comfortable environment, and they are not pressurized.
Means of teaching health promotion are related and complement one another. These teaching strategies can either be direct or indirect/non-verbal.
|Direct||Orally, whereby a patient is taught on the advantages and methods of health promotion by a medical practitioner.Practically, whereby the patient is to be attentive and observe how he or she is being cared for and exercise the same once they have recovered.|
|Indirect||Recommend a patient to purchase books, journals, magazines or films that brief on the matter of health promotion. This method is not direct and not preferable since not all patients suffering from a heart attack are literate.|
After teaching the patient on health promotion, it is expected that they will not suffer from cardiac arrest again. They are also supposed to pass on what they learned to their friends and family members who might be in the same condition as them. Despite it being hard to evaluate a teaching plan for health promotion it is important as it helps one to know if what they have been doing has been a waste of time or productive. Evaluation strategies ought to combine the advantages of different research techniques in a relevant manner. The primary methods of evaluating a health promotion are through the quantitative or qualitative approach.
|Quantitative approach||Provide data that show the impact of a teaching plan. It also clarifies whether there is a connection between the teaching and the reduction in further case of discharged heart attack patients. The method is conducted by following up on cases of heart attack reported in a hospital within a given period after implementation of health promotion teaching plan.|
|Qualitative approach||Provides information that determines why the teaching procedure has been effectual. This can be done by seeking feedback from people that were once patients and took the lessons.|