Community Health (Social Policy Concrete)

Oakland City health conditions fall under the category of the neighborhood and build environment in the CDC social determinants of health. Oakland port harbors many ships that carry thousands of containers. The vessels and industries in the region produce air pollutants that make it unfit for breathing. Upon shipment, the containers are distributed across the country by trucks and trains that flock the city. The diesel train and truck emit toxic gases in the air escalating the misery of the dwellers. The polluted air exposes the citizens of Oakland to health conditions such as asthma, cancer, heart diseases, and chronic lung disorders. The residents also have limited access to healthy diet options. The people are forced to purchase processed foods from supermarkets and other food companies due to grocery stores’ proliferation. Consequently, obesity rates have overwhelmingly risen and have trivialized the health of people in Oakland city.

However, several measures have been adopted to curb the effects of health-compromising factors. Non-profit organizations such as the Enola marketplace have been instituted to penetrate the local farms and increase the supply of fresh foods in the market. Community leaders have also advocated reform strategies to reduce air pollution, such as replacing diesel cranes with electric ones, using filters to capture emissions, and using health-friendly energy sources. My neighborhood faces problems with obesity due to inadequate access to healthy foods. Food companies have taken over in my locality, forcing the residents to consume junk foods. However, some people in my town lack personal initiative to search for fresh foods from available stores due to inadequate knowledge or ignorance. Contrary to Oakland city, my town enjoys clean air, and therefore there are no pollution-related illnesses.

The social and community context in Detroit is a crucial social determinant of health. Detroit was once a highly developed town, but it broke into chaos after riot scandals in 1967. Today, Detroit is identified as a place of mistrust with abandoned houses and factories. The town’s isolation exposes the dwellers to problems such as unemployment, poor housing conditions, increased crime and insecurity, exposure to diseases such as HIV, and increased homicides. The city also experiences a deficiency in accessing fresh foods, which forces the dweller to take processed food. Therefore, many people in Detroit are overweight due to junk foods and the failure to cook.  The people also have diabetes and high blood pressure courtesy of the shops’ low-quality food in the town.

Nevertheless, several attempts have made to regain the glory of old Detroit and improve its people’s health. The city has adopted an entrepreneurial culture and boosted their efforts in education. The youth have engaged in creative projects that employ many dwellers eradicating poverty and crime. Detroit has established elaborate prisoners reentry services to empower inmates on employment opportunities and reduce recidivism chances. Housing conditions have also tremendously improved on account of movements that reshape the abandoned houses. The city now uses idle lands for agricultural purposes to generate fresh foods to the market and boost job opportunities. People also engage in physical exercises such as bike riding to deal with obesity and other illnesses. Likewise, the Detroit problem of accessing fresh foods relates to my neighborhood. I have also seen unemployed families living in poor housing conditions in my region. However, my town is densely populated, and homicides and crimes are rare compared to that in Detroit.      

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