Aviation maintenance is an essential practice in ensuring the safety of aircraft users and operators. An aircraft is considered airworthy in aviation management when it has no defects and when the design complies with the technical drawings, operational data, and other specifications. The maintenance management team, such as the quality assurance department, is responsible for ensuring that pilots and other aircraft stakeholders perform the task within their authorization. The authorized people should possess certificates with their signatures, names, and authorization ranks to ensure that aircraft are in optimal performance. The maintenance practices such as modifications, repairs, and inspections should be performed by certified individuals who should submit reports to relevant authorities for monitoring. The aviation management operators must ensure the togetherness of the aircraft system by ascertaining the equipment, engines, propellers, and radio stations work collaboratively (Isle of Man, 2021). However, the maintenance operation should be regularly reviewed to ensure the system’s compliance with the law and regulations.\
Record keeping and management is also a significant aspect of aviation management practices. The record-keeping process and mandatory marking are facilitated by computer spreadsheets and software like TECHSOFT, CAMP, and CAFAM. The maintenance practice should also hold the accurate weight of the craft and the effect of the center of gravity on the body with the relevant weigh frequency. For instance, aircraft with a mass below 2000kg requires a weigh frequency and a performance assessment of at least 120 months. Aircraft with more than 2000kg but less than 10000kg should have a frequency check of fewer than 12 months, while those beyond 10000kg should have a frequency within 60 months. Human engagement is also essential in aviation management and maintenance practices since they are responsible for preparing inspection check requirements and planning the process (Isle of Man, 2021). The management system should ensure that the authorized persons are at optimum conditions to carry out tasks, especially those that handle critical parts such as engines, oil uplifts, flight control systems, and propellers. For instance, the program should monitor workers’ work durations, mentality status, and fatigue factors to facilitate a smooth flow of activities.
The computation of aviation materials requirements and the coordination of the resources is also crucial in aviation maintenance. The management and maintenance process should be well funded and budgeted in aviation to avoid the stoppage or breakdown of the process. The maintenance of aeronautical spare parts, inventory control, and updating equipment with technological advancement enhance aircraft airworthiness. Quality assurance (QA) in aviation refers to the systematic inspection and monitoring process to maintain standard qualities in the program. In aviation management programs, the quality assurance task is the responsibility of all stakeholders, even though officials oversee the process. The QA personnel monitor safety precautions, compliance with the regulations and technical procedures. The QA operators physically examine and test engines, components, equipment, and materials to conform to the specifications. They also detect defects such as foreign items in the machine’s environment or fuel leakages. The QA department oversees the repair, installation, application of torque, assembly, adjustment, functional testing, and serving of aircraft maintenance programs. The QA officers also train the aviation personnel to facilitate the rotation of assignments and uniformity (Naval Air Force, 2021).
According to Wolfe (2021), aviation maintenance practices have been significantly affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, which calls for future adjustments in the management program. Aircraft maintenance is primarily determined by flight cycles and hours, which the pandemic has crippled. Aviation maintenance activities may be halted or lowered during a crisis such as Covid-19 due to transport restrictions and, therefore, fewer expenses incurred. However, the maintenance costs and process may significantly escalate when the restrictions are withdrawn. The pandemic changes may intensify the engines, propellers, and other parts of the aircraft stations operation. The Covid-19 restrictions have also reduced the numbers of maintenance staff and changed the work patterns on aircraft due to disinfection practices. The demand for public aircraft has also changed, with people now using private jets and aircraft to meet their transportation needs. Aircraft disinfection services have become an integral part of aviation maintenance practices since it requires bi-polar ionization machines to eliminate the coronavirus. Moreover, aircraft personnel are at the highest risks of acquiring viruses from travelers; therefore, it calls for sound management of the personnel in the program.
The maintenance program should also incorporate an elaborate flight data recording system. The audio should be of high quality to enhance the serviceability testing and monitoring of the flight process. The audio quality should also remain constant to keep signals within audible levels and to ensure an efficient communication process with the flight deck. The aircraft operators also need to comply with the regulations by arranging and submitting recordings for evaluation purposes. The validation and authorization of aircraft engineers and personnel are paramount in the management maintenance programs. The aircraft personnel ensures that the vessels operate safely and detect errors that could result in devastating damages. Every person’s duty in an aircraft station is to display high levels of responsibility and accountability in the maintenance management program.
Isle of Man. (2021). Airworthiness Management. Requirements & Information. Registry Publication, 1-15. https://www.iomaircraftregistry.com/media/1530/rp9-aw-management-information.pdf
Naval Air Force. (2021). The Naval Aviation Maintenance Program(NAMP). COMNAVAIRFORINST 4790.2D. https://www.navair.navy.mil/sites/g/files/jejdrs536/files/2021-02/COMNAVFORINST%204790.2D%20NAMP.pdf
Wolfe, F. (2021, March). Business aviation MROs adapt to COVID-19, as aircraft disinfection takes precedence. Aviation Today. https://interactive.aviationtoday.com/avionicsmagazine/the-sesar-and-2021-covid-19-outlook-issue/business-aviation-mros-adapt-to-covid-19-as-aircraft-disinfection-takes-precedence/